An Introduction to Learning Theories and Educational Research Relevant to Computer-Mediated Learning

Compiled by Ricki Goldman-Segall, UBC and NJIT

 1) Introduction: Contexts, Intellectual History


1.1 Psychological, scientific ancestors

1.2 Influence of AI Research

1.3 CAI Beginnings

1.3 Programming as Learning Activity


 Kay, A. C. (1996). The early history of smalltalk. In J. Thomas J. Bergin & J. Richard G. Gibson (Eds.), History of programming languages -II (pp. 511-578). New York: ACM Press/ Addison-Wesley.

 Koschmann, T. (1996). Paradigm shifts and instructional technology: An

introduction. In T. Koschmann (Ed.), CSCL: Theory and practice of an emerging paradigm. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.

 Roschelle, J., Kaput, J., Stroup, W., & Kahn, T. M. (1998). Scaleable integration of educational software: Exploring the promise of component architectures. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 98(6)

 2) Theorizing Technology in Learning


2.1 Computer as Tool

2.2 Computer as Partner

2.3 Computer as Scaffold

2.4 Computer as Environment

2.5 Computer as Communications Medium

2.6 Computer as Information Source

2.7 Computer as Perspectivity Toolkit

2.8 Computer as Game

2.9 Computer as IT Curriculum Area

 Dede, C. (1995). The evolution of constructivist learning environments:

Immersion in distributed, virtual worlds. Educational Technology, 35(5), 46-52.

 Papert, S. (1980). Mindstorms: Children, computers, and powerful ideas. New York: Basic Books.

 Salomon, G., Perkins, D. N., & Globerson, T. (1991). Partners in cognition: Extending human intelligence with intelligent technologies. Educational Researcher, 20(3), 2-9.

 Goldman-Segall, R., Rao, Srinivasan V. (1998). "A Collaborative On-Line Digital Data Tool for Creating Living Narratives in Organizational Knowledge Systems."  Proceedings for the International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii.

 Goldman-Segall, R. (1993). Interpreting video data. Journal for Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. 2(3), 261-282.

 3) Paradigms and Challenges


3.1 Behaviorism vs cognitivism vs cultural

- issues of transfer, residue

3.2 Instructionism, Constructivism, Constructionism

3.3 Stages, Styles, Attitudes

3.4 Knowledge Management vs. Distributed Cognition


Brown, J. S., Collins, A., & Duguid, P. (1996 [1989]). Situated cognition and the culture of learning. In H. McLellan (Ed.), Situated learning perspectives.: Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

 Papert, S. (1987 (orig 1985)). Information technology and education: Computer criticism vs technocentric thinking. Educational Researcher, 16(1), 22-30.

 Pea, R. (1987). The aims of software criticism: Reply to Professor Papert.

Educational Researcher, 20(3), 4-8.